English Bahasa
23 Mar 2006 (No. 03 06)
Sector Facts
Next Meetings:

Monday, April 3rd,
To be confirmed –

at Dinas PU. Jl Pemancar no 5, Banda Aceh. The meeting is fully bilingual

Monday, April 17th,
To be confirmed–

at Dinas PU. Jl Pemancar no 5, Banda Aceh. The meeting is fully bilingual

New joint meetings to be decided and announced later

For any update, please contact Deepty Tiwari
at UN-Habitat .

For Regular schedules, please click

Last workgroup meeting reports

Draft 20-03-06 report

13-03-06 report
Joint meeting with livelihoods

06-03-06 report
Joint meeting with Watsan

More meeting minutes

Other Reports/News

UNDP analysis on Timber

Agreement on Aceh Timber

Housing for the Poor Demo


A rapid poll on 13 Feb indicates that the housing starts are still running at 5,000 per month.

New Houses:
Pledged: 133,000
Under construction: 21,000
Finished February:17,000
Finished April: 37,000
Finished June: 58,000

The full list: ML20Mar06

Please send your updates to BRR or UN-Habitat  tito@unhabitat-indonesia.org


Quality Monitoring

Brief Summary Early Results

Watsan Monitoring & Evaluation of Post-tsunami Permanent Housing in Aceh & Nias, 2nd Round

Unsyiah's report and data
CD-Rom available at
UN-Habitat starting March 1.

Please contact Zulfikar
at UN-Habitat to collect the CD-Rom. Download
a form declaring that your
organization will keep the
identity of respondents

New BRR Housing Guidelines
in the Making

BRR wants to build more than 20,000 houses this year, on top of the Government programmes of such organizations as the World Bank (MDF) and ADB. BRR has set ambitious targets : to build housing before the next rainy season; but also allowing Indonesian (Acehnese) building contractors to get a larger share of the activities.

BRR needs a set of new regulations allowing it to spend its large 2006 budget to achieve these objectives, and to start appointing contractors.
This is where the process stands…

  1. Local contractors overwhelmed BRR with requests for prequalification
    BRR received prequalification documents from 2,267 contractors and 121 consultants. 2,134 companies are Aceh-based. The results for prequalification will be announced on 27 March 2006. A joint committee (BRR, Unsyiah, BPKP (State Financial Audit Board)) are processing the prequalification documents.

    Press statement BRR, in Bahasa (PDF, 152 KB)

  2. BRR still working on a new regulation for new housing provision.
    BRR wants to build more than 20,000 houses this year. The key concern is to have contractors, including capable local contractors, to build housing during the dry season (May-August). At present, the preference is to allow both the appointment of contractors (“direct appointment”) by BRR and the selection of contractors by local communities (“community contracting”). Both subdistrict governments and BRR regional offices will have a crucial role in supporting this programme.
    There are no final regulation nor implementation guidelines yet. Various drafts circulate and have been discussed, amongst others, in the Shelter Work Group of 13 March and 20 March. Critical issues are :

    - Clear beneficiary rights (asset replacement or prioritizing housing-for-all-IDPs) and sanctions against malfeasance (people claiming housing units wrongfully)

    - Bottom-up process of selection of beneficiaries and contractors ? Can the subdistricts be put in the driving seat ? What are the public controls ?

    - Price controls : inflation pressures, indicative or restrictive ?

    - What is the position of the organizations with a Concept Note and an approved high unit cost, or of on-budget programmes with rules reflecting the BRR guidelines of 2005 ?

    SWG meeting report of 20.3.06 (PDF, 32KB)

    SWG meeting report of 13.3.06
    (PDF, 44KB)

  3. BRR still working on a unified housing and settlement reconstruction regulation.
    The new regulations and the implementation guidelines are not yet finished and BRR may as yet push only for a regulation for new house building – in order to save time.
    In general, BRR hopes to draw up clearer rules on beneficiary rights, processes for repairs and for resettlements, cash compensations, cash allowances and rental voucher systems for landless people – all in one package, if possible. People with land are to build back more housing, people without land would be given cash allowing them to look for accommodation arrangements.

Another regulation on price controls (mandatory prices) is in the making, but not issued.

During the SWG discussion of 20.3.06, many agreed that the local contractors must be involved more prominently. Nonetheless the draft regulations need both fine-tuning and a clear communication. The attached SWOT shows clearly the difficult issues ahead. Recommendations from UN-Habitat and others were :

  • BRR will need to come with a clear rights charter (including tenure security and quality for renters) and to communicate the decisions made on trade-offs
  • Administrative sanctions against double claims must become possible; corruption charges against deceit clearly stated as a threat.
  • Need for an overall timetable, and incentives to participate early on
  • Need to set forward more limited cash compensations beyond a certain date, in case no early decisions are possible (e.g. due to livelihoods problems)
  • All allocations of resources are verified at kecamatan level
  • BRR prescribes projects controls and 3rd party monitoring and evaluation
  • NGOs put their weight behind kecamatan-level advocacy and transparancy
  • NGOs move from being contractors to assisting really vulnerable groups
  • Consider mandatory price to move in alongside the introduction of new programs; gives other programs time to adjust.

    Presentation at SWG 13.3.06 by BRR, in Bahasa (PDF, 51KB)

    Discussion notes on draft regulations from UN-Habitat, SWG 20.3.06
    (PDF, 51KB)

Other Issues

Correction Newsletter 9 Mar 06 (02.06) - Housing Halfway

After the report was made, it became clear that two issues had changed. First, loads carried by the WFP shipping services improved significantly. Secondly, house building along the west coast is also increasing. Good data are scarce, but both improvements probably show that the west coast starts to get the help it needs.

Download the original report (PDF, 464 KB)


Spotlight: UN-Habitat
UN-Habitat and CARE have been in the spotlight recently after they were singled out amongst international NGOs in comments made by Mr. Kuntoro Mangkusubroto and reported in the Jakarta Post on 8th March 2006. Specifically, UN-Habitat was reported as “being slow in some areas". This accusation was later corrected by Mr. Eddy Purwanto (Chief Operating Officer at BRR) in a meeting of the Inter-Agency Steering Committee on 10 th March at which he said that UN-Habitat were actually progressing well. A subsequent meeting between Mr. Kuntoro and representatives from UN-Habitat and UNDP on 16 th March cleared the air as UN-Habitat were able to demonstrate that they were actually 3 rd in the list amongst agencies in terms of units under construction or finished.

UN-Habitat now has 2,578 units under construction and another 209 houses completed (21 st March 2006). Mr. Kuntoro was informed that the community driven approach requires that recipient households are allowed to construct their own houses at their own pace with encouragement from UN-Habitat. Such construction, in clusters of around 10 households, may sometimes be slower than a contractor led approach but provides communities the benefits of being fully involved in the rebuilding process, for house building first and settlement development afterwards.

With current funding UN-Habitat can now assist in the rebuilding of 3,478 houses (both reconstructions and renovations) and expect these to all be complete by end September 2006.

UN-Habitat allows community groups to pay their own contractors or labourers through BRI group bank accounts, and to secure the required materials. UN-Habitat facilitates in planning assistance, technical assistance and trains people to procure prudently. It also has monitoring and evaluation in place for progress and quality control. UN-Habitat unit cost is Rp 42 million, and communities are given an additional budget of US$ 490 per affected household for community infrastructure.
UN-Habitat works in Aceh and Nias in collaboration with UNDP, under the Aceh-Nias Settlements Support Programme.

UN-Habitat progress statement (PDF, 42KB)


UN-Habitat Project Office
Jl. T.M Pahlawan No. 3A Banda Aceh  NAD, Indonesia
Telp: +62 651 741 2525 / Fax: +62 651 25258

UN-HABITAT - Fukuoka, Japan


More Documents

Housing & Settlements Information@UNIMS
Visit the housing page at the UNIMS website for contact addresses and archives of policy documents, data, meeting notes, reports and other sector informations.

Housing & Library@UN-Habitat Banda Aceh
UN-Habitat (Banda Aceh) collects documents on housing reconstruction. Visit our catalogue. If you can contribute your documents, please contact Yayan at yayan@unhabitat-indonesia.org

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